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458 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force
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Alwyn Raymond Downe. Sergeant 406326

Alwyn Raymond Downe was born to Katherine Marian and William James Downe on 9th June 1910 at Kattaning, Western Australia. He was the first of four children, being followed by the births of Sybil, Horace (Horrie) and Kathleen (Kath). 

Between 1915 and 1926 he attended various state schools in Western Australia, as well as the Perth Boys’ School. He completed 8th Standard, and 2 months of 9th standard then took night classes in Accounting and Bookkeeping. He was an active man who played hockey, tennis, badminton, and golf, as well as rowing and cycling. 

On the 13th March 1937 married Edna Lake (of Geraldton) at Perth. After a quiet wedding and reception at his parents’ house, their honeymoon was spent in the South-West and Albany. He was the County Depot Manager for Vacuum Oil Co., when he enlisted in the RAAF on 11th November 1940 at Perth, Western Australia.

Initial training was undertaken at 5 Initial Training School, Pearce, Western Australia. On 12th December 1940 he started more specialized training at 1 Wireless Air Gunners School in Ballarat, Victoria. Training continued at 1 Bombing and Gunnery School from 2nd June 1941. On the 15th June 1941 his Father-in-Law Hubert Weston Lake died suddenly In Perth, Western Australia. 

Sergeant Alwyn Raymond Downe. 406326  

His journey to the UK started on 8th July 1941 when he departed Perth, Australia. Almost 2 months later on the 2nd September 1941 he arrived in the UK. 3 Personnel Reception Centre, Bournemouth was his destination. On 16th September 1941 he was at 11 Operational Training Unit, Bassingbourn. 

On 6th November 1941 he was posted to 458 Squadron, and from 14th February 1942 he was based at RAF Holme on Splading Moor. 458 Squadron Unit Records show that he flew at least 4 Operations from mid November 1941 to end December 1941, with James Clark as Captain, and the same crew members on each Operation. Targets were mostly in France and Belgium. In a group photo taken at the RAF Station at Holme-on-Spalding Moor circa February 1942, he is listed as being the Rear Gunner of ‘X’ for XRay crew, with David Maitland Watts as Captain. So far no records have been found listing any Operations that this crew undertook while base at RAF Station Holme. 

Further training was undertaken at 21 Operational Training Unit, Moreton-in-Marsh, from 18th May 1942. 

The time came to move from the UK and Operations over Europe, to Egypt and Operations in the Middle East. His journey started at 10 Aircraft Delivery Unit on 21st June 1942, and he arrived at 22 Personnel Transit Centre, Almaza, Egypt, on 25th June 1942. Further training was completed at 2 Multi Engine Training Squad, Shallufa, Egypt. 

It was during his time attached to 148 Squadron that he flew his last mission. On 4th September 1942, Wellington 1C DV 893 was being flown by Captain by James Clark, with Alwyn in his usual position as Front Gunner. Due to poor visibility, they struggled to locate their base as they returned from their Operation. As they attempted to locate their base, they struck rising ground that no crew member had seen. Alwyn tragically lost his life from severe injuries sustained in the accident. The 2nd Pilot, J Sounden, sustained multiple injuries and the Navigator, P Hall, broke his ankle. The rest of the crew (including the Captain James Clark) were unharmed. Sergeant Alwyn Raymond Downe’s funeral was held later that day, and he was buried at the Heliopolis War Cemetery in Cairo, Egypt. 

His wife Edna Downe received a letter from James Clark, and the promise of photos from the funeral.

On the 24th November 1942 his brother Horace Cyril Leslie Downe enlisted in the Australian Army in Scofarera, Western Australia. He was discharged on the 21st November 1944.


Note: Alwyn’s mother is alternately referred to as Katherine/Katharine and Kathleen. Not sure whether this is just due to typos, or whether she was known as both Katherine/Katharine and Kathleen. Her middle name is listed as both Marian and Marion.

David Maitland Watts wrote on the back of a photo of Morris David Hart that he was the Rear Gunner. Australian War Memorial photo shows Alwyn Raymond Downe as being Rear Gunner of ‘X’ for Xray. Currently no Operations records can be found to verify that he actually flew with ‘X’ for Xray, and therefore can’t confirm whether he ever did act as a Rear Gunner.

Written by Catherine Owen. Great Niece of 458 Veteran David Maitland Watts.

Left to right: Pilot Officer (PO) W. Gengos, second pilot; 400354 Sergeant (Sgt) A. L. Opas, wireless operator; 402596 Sgt M. D. Hart, wireless operator; PO R. B. Harris, RAF (regarded as one of the best navigators in the Squadron); 406326 Sgt A. R. Downe, rear gunner; 402425 Sgt (later Flight Sergeant) David Maitland Watts, captain, (lost on operations over the Middle East on 12 August 1942). Photo taken C.1942-02. 458 SQDN. Holme on Spalding Moor UK.  

With 458 Squadron RAAF. Holme on Spalding Moor, UK, circ 1941-42  

Memorials to Sergeant Alwyn Raymond Downe

Pages from A.R.Downe RAAF Accident Report 

Newspaper clippings relating to A.R.Downe